Florence: The Battle of Mentana Monument


Located in Piazza Mentana Square in Florence is the monument commemorating the fallen during the Battle of Mentana. The sculpture pays tribute to the 150 volunteer freedom fighters who lost their lives in 1867 near the village of Mentana, Rome.


The inscription on the front panel of the pedestal translates, “To the brave men who fell at Mentana. Consecrating Rome to free Italy.” The monument is the work of the 19th century Italian sculptor Oreste Calzolari and was inaugurated in 1902.


Florence: Francesco Petrarca


Francesco Petrarca 1304-1374

Francesco Petrarca was an Italian classical scholar and poet in the 14th century. The above sculpture stands in a niche along the facade of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. The sculpture is the work of the 18th century Italian sculptor and goldsmith, Andrea Leoni.


Florence: Benvenuto Cellini


Benvenuto Cellini 1500-1571

 Benvenuto Cellini was a 16th century Italian sculptor, draftsman, soldier and musician. In a niche along the facade of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence stands the above statue of Cellini. The sculpture is the work of the 19th century Italian sculptor Ulisse Cambi.

Florence: Giotto


Giotto c1267-1337

Located in a niche in a column pier along the facade of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, stands the sculpted figure of Giotto di Bondone. Giotto was an Italian painter and architect working in the 13th and 14th centuries. The above sculpture is the work of the 19th century Italian sculptor Giovanni Dupre.

Emperor Antoninus Pius


Marble bust of Emperor Antoninus Pius: British Museum, London

Created during the early years of his reign, the image above depicts the emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161) in military dress. The marble bust was found in the house of Jason Magnus at Cyrene, North Africa and thought to have been made in the 160’s. The bust is on display in the British Museum in London.

Berlin: Palace relief from Ninevah



The preserved alabaster (above) is a palace relief from Ninevah dating to 650 BC. The scene depicted is from the campaign of Assyrian King Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC) against the Elamite city Hamanu. The depiction shows an Assyrian charioteer and archer protected from enemy attacks by shield bearers. The relief is on display in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin.

Berlin: Pergamon Frieze

PergFr1                   PergFr3                   PergFr2

Fragments of the Pergamon Frieze at the Altar of Zeus are on display in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. Above left is a depiction of Herakles finding Telephus in Arcadia (Greece). Above middle is Herakles offering the Nymphs and above right is the Arrival in Mysia which was a region in Ancient Asia Minor. The monumental frieze is one of the greatest examples of Hellenistic Greek Sculpture.