Kirkby Stephen: Stone Coffin


Located in the Parish Church of Kirkby Stephen is a medieval stone coffin which was unearthed during excavations in 1950. The coffin still had an intact skeleton, thought to be that of a woman, and is only one of four similar coffins known of in Westmorland. The coffin is thought to date to the 12th century.

Furness Abbey: Tomb Cover


On display in Furness Abbey Museum is a medieval stone tomb cover. The stone is likely to have come from the grave of a Lady Christina or Christiana, the second daughter of a nobleman. Many grave covers were discovered at the east end of the abbey church in the 19th century but were not in their original positions.

Furness Abbey: Stone Masonry


On display in Furness Abbey Museum are pieces of richly carved stone which once formed part of the abbey’s structure.


Capital with masons mark

Furness Abbey was constructed from locally available soft red sandstone and grey limestone. As a result of being disintegrated by wind and rain, much of the medieval carving has been lost.


Buildings were continually modified, updated or demolished due to changes in fashion and building technology. Fragments of stonework is often re-used which can sometimes be the only evidence of such changes.


Bury St Edmunds: Abbey of St Edmund West Front


The medieval ruins of the Abbey of St Edmund date to the 11th and 12th centuries. Constructed of flint rubble, the houses inserted into the west front during the 18th century lay derelict requiring a major intervention to make them habitable once again.


Designated as a Building at Risk, English Heritage and St Edmundsbury Borough Council deliberated to sensitively achieve the conservation and conversion of the structure into five new high-quality dwellings.


Retaining as much of the fabric as possible, the building is once again fully inhabited.


Rear of west front

New rear extensions were built into the remaining fabric of the Abbey structure (above)

Zadar: Kapetanova kula


Connected with the remains of the medieval town wall and located at the corner of the Square of Five Wells, sits the Captain’s Tower (Kapetanova Kula) or Old Woman’s Tower (Bablja Kula). Dating from the 13th century, the pentagonal tower was built by the Venetians as part of its fortification system against Turkish attacks. The city was governed by by the city Duke and city Captain during the rule of the Venetians and Zadar was the only Dalmatian city where two people carried out these functions. To accommodate their administrators, the Venetians built palaces for them and the Captain’s Tower (above) is the only one of ten such towers still to exist.