Mallerstang: Pendragon Castle

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Located to the north of Outhgill in the Vale of Mallerstang are the remains of Pendragon Castle. Reputedly founded by Uther Pendragon, father of King Arthur, the castle was built next to the river Eden in the 12th century. The fortified tower house is important as a Late Norman pele tower and apparently built to stand on its own.

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Originally built by Hugh de Morville in 1173, the castle passed into the ownership of the Clifford family who obtained a licence to crenelate in 1309. The castle was destroyed by the Scots in 1341 and subsequently rebuilt in 1360. The Clifford’s continued to live in the castle until 1541 when it was again destroyed by fire. Lady Anne Clifford restored the castle in 1660 and following her death, the building gradually fell into ruin.

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Fallen masonry has revealed a north entrance with a spiral stair either side of the passage which was closed by a portcullis and Pevsner records vaulted mural chambers in the walls. The castle was eventually dismantled in circa 1685. Pendragon Castle is set in the stunning landscape of Mallerstang and is both a Scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade I Listed.

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Bury St Edmunds: Norman Tower House

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Located on Crown Street in Bury St Edmunds is Norman Tower House. The red brick building features purple brick diapering, stone dressings and moulded brick shafted chimneys.

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A stone oriel window features on the first floor of the east facade and a pitched canopy doorway with a carved stone arch and stone pillars on the north front.

THse2The building dates to 1846 and is thought to be the work of the 19th century British architect Lewis Nockalls Cottingham. Norman Tower House is Grade II Listed.