Close to the Gate House is the Little Onofrio’s Fountain. After the aqueduct was completed, its builder Onofrio della Cava set two public fountains at the western and eastern ends of the Placa. The small fountain was placed at the eastern end to supply water to the market place which was in Luza Square. Built in 1438, it is a combination of function and decoration. The sculptures were made by Pietro di Martino of Milan. This fountain was used only by Christians during the Middle Ages as water had a religious significance.
The porch of Rector Palace features sculpted capitals rich in ornamentation. They are the work of the 15th century master sculptor Pietro di Martino of Milan.
Detailed figural representations and floral decoration adorn the porch column capitals
A fabulous example of one of the finest monuments of secular architecture in Dubrovnik is the Rector’s Palace.
This Gothic and Renaissance palace owes its present appearance to many additions and reconstructions throughout its history. A defence building once stood at the site of the present palace in the early Middles Ages. It was referred to in the Statutes of 1272 as castrum. In 1296 it was castellum i.e. fortress.
After the fire of 1435 which gutted the building and its towers, the government decided to build a new, more beautiful, palace. Onofrio della Cava, the master builder who had previously built the aqueduct, was entrusted to build the new palace. He designed a two-storey Gothic building with a pillared porch between two side towers. The beautiful capitals and sculptural ornaments of the palace were made by master Pietro di Martino of Milan.
The Rector’s Palace is home to the History Department of the Museum of Dubrovnik today. In addition to the style furniture, there are numerous portraits and coats of arms of the noblemen, paintings of old masters, coins minted by the Republic, the original keys of the city gates and a number of copies of important state documents.